Rock climbing

Rock climbing is a part of Mountaineering; it is an adventure activity in which participants have to climb up and down or across natural rock (Mountains) or artificial climbing walls. The goal of the rock climbing is to reach the summit of a natural rock or artificial climbing walls or the endpoint of a pre-defined route with the help of mountaineering equipments without falling. Usually Rock Climbers do not climb down the pre-defined routes. It is very rare for a rock climber to climb down, in professional Rock climbing competitions the objectives of either completing the route in the given quickest possible time or attaining the farthest point on an increasingly difficult route.

Rock climbing is a sport of physically and mentally demanding, one that often tests a climber’s strength, endurance, agility and balance along with mental control. It can be a dangerous adventure activity. For the safe completion of routes the knowledge of proper rock climbing techniques and usage of specialised rock climbing equipment is crucial. Because of the wide range and variety of natural rock formations and artificial wall climbing around the world, there are so many types of rock climbing with different styles and sub-disciplines. The rock climbing basically divide into two major parts first is Indoor climbing (artificial) another one is outdoor climbing (natural).

 

Indoor climbing

Indoor climbing occurs on artificial rock structures or artificial climbing wall. This permits for climbers in all types of weather and at all times of day. Rock climber can do indoor climbing in night also because of lights, Climbers climb indoors to improve their skills and techniques and speed, as well as for general exercise, experience or fun. In both indoor and outdoor climbing there is rope which is called safety or belay rope attached by the climber body through the carabiner with seat harness for the safety, during climbing if climber fall so he or she will hang by that rope.

 

Outdoor climbing

Outdoors climbing usually outside on natural rocks or mountains take place on sunny days when the holds are dry and provide the best grip to the climber, if the climbers have proper technique, light, training and equipment so climber can also attempt to climb at night or in adverse weather conditions. Climbing in night or climbing in adverse condition can be danger to any one and will increase the difficulty.

Types of Climbing

  • Aid climbing
  • Free climbing
  • Traditional climbing
  • Solo climbing
  • Free soloing
  • Roped solo climbing
  • Lead climbing
  • Multi-pitch climbing
  • Sport climbing
  • Traditional climbing
  • Top rope climbing
  • Bouldering